Thursday, April 26, 2018

Facts about United Kingdom


The United Kingdom is an island nation located in northwestern Europe. It consists of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. Its deep history has a great impact across the world, from raging was of the nomadic people to the most popular pop culture icon of the century. England is the birthplace of the greatest literary genius, Shakespeare and the most popular band of all times, - The Beatles. Its capital serves as the main center for finance, fashion, and culture in the world. The UK is home to the famous Neolithic Stonehenge, ancient Bath’s Roman spa, and oldest universities in the world. 

Land area

The United Kingdom has four geographic areas- England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. It consists of the most populous area of the British Isles. Its group of island composes of Ireland, Great Britain, and other many smaller islands. Wales, Scotland, England constitute the larger area of Great Britain. The Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland play as the second largest island – Ireland.

The southern part of Great Britain, England composes of Isles of Scilly to the southwest coast and Isle of Wight in the southern coast. In northern Great Britain, Scotland includes Orkney, Shetland, and the Hebrides. On the other hand, Wales on the western part of England includes Anglesey to the northwest. 

The deep history of UK

The forming of the UK can be traced from the Anglo-Saxon king named Athelstan. During the 10th century, there were allegiances of other Celtic kingdoms. The efforts to unify the neighboring kingdoms made him king as “the first to rule what previously many kings shared between them.” Over the course of centuries, kingdoms lying farther away from where ruled under the English domain.

The congeries of Celtic kingdoms lying southwest in Great Britain became one nation under the Acts of Union of 1536 and 154 which was later called Wales. Scotland and Wales were then formally incorporated in 1707 to join the United Kingdom of Great Britain. 

During the 1600s, England took hold of Ireland and was formally united with the UK through the Act of Union of 1800. But in 1922, Ireland gained its independence in 1922. But nine other counties remained part of the UK which referred to as Northern Ireland. The “British” word became a common term to refer people to all the United Kingdom. 

Conflicts among constituent

Although efforts to have these countries unified and at peace, there are open rebellions and at some point leads to warfare. Various controversies marked the peaceful efforts of England. However, during the late 20th century, these tensions became fewer as assemblies and constitutional peace talks were introduced in Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.

Nevertheless, the tension still continued until the 21st century when the Northern Ireland’s unionists (those who favor British sovereignty) and nationalists (who wants to have unification with the Republic of Ireland) still hold political clash.

UK greatest contribution to humanity

It’s a common fact that the UK has one of the greatest contributions in the world especially in science, technology, and industry. Ever since the World War II, the most significant exports have been cultural, theater, film, television, and literature. But the greatest contribution to humanity of the UK is the English language. Britain’s language is now spoken to almost every part of the world and served as the top international mediums of economic exchange.

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